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Glasseye Snapper

Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Lacepède 1801)

Diagnostic Description

provided by Fishbase
Silvery pink, mottled red or solid red in color; median fins with faint dark dots. Pelvic fins dusky or pale and without distinct spots (Ref. 4328). Section of preopercle behind canal striated and without scales (Ref. 26938).Description: Characterized by the following: well developed preopercular spine, reaching nearly to posterior tip of subopercle; nearly symmetrical anterior profile; rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
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Recorder
Rodolfo B. Reyes
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 13; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 13 - 14
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Rodolfo B. Reyes
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Trophic Strategy

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Benthic species which occurs in the continental shelf. Usually insular and not continental (Ref. 7300). Feeds on planktonic and benthic organisms (Ref. 33, 26338).
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Susan M. Luna
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Biology

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Common in lagoon and seaward reefs, primarily around islands. Under or near ledges by day (Ref. 9710). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Juvenile pelagic (Ref. 9335). Nocturnal (Ref. 5213), feeding mainly on octopi, pelagic shrimp, stomatopods, crabs, small fish, and polychaetes. Solitary (Ref. 5213). During the day usually occurs singly or in small groups but at dusk it may gather in large numbers (Ref. 37816). Known to produce sound. Marketed fresh (Ref. 3800). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
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Susan M. Luna
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Importance

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fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial; price category: unknown; price reliability:
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Susan M. Luna
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分布

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分布於全世界熱帶及亞熱帶海域。台灣分布於南部、北部及小琉球等海域。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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利用

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一般利用底拖網、延繩釣等漁法捕獲。因資源豐富,故經濟價值高。肉質細嫩,剝皮油煎、碳烤、煮湯風味均不錯。亦常被展示於水族館。有報導因為食物鏈之故,發生體內累積熱帶魚毒,而引起食用者食物中毒的記錄。
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描述

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體略高,側扁,呈長卵圓形。眼特大,瞳孔正位於體中線上。吻短。口裂大,近乎垂直;下頜突出,頜骨、鋤骨和腭骨均具齒。前鰓骨後緣及下緣具鋸齒並具有一枚後向之強棘。頭及體部皆被有粗糙堅實不易脫落之櫛鱗,唯前鰓蓋後部不具鱗;側線完全,側線鱗孔數63-81。背鰭單一,不具深缺,具硬棘X棘,軟條11-13;臀鰭與背鰭幾相對,具硬棘III,軟條13-14;背鰭及臀鰭後端圓形;胸鰭短小;腹鰭中長,短於頭長;尾鰭截形或雙凹形。體一致呈鮮紅色或淡粉紅色而散佈大型紅色斑塊;背鰭軟條部、臀鰭和尾鰭上分布小黑褐色斑點,腹鰭無點。以前所記載之血斑大眼鯛(/Priacanthus cruentatus/)為本種之同種異名。
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棲地

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中深層海域的魚類,主要棲息於潟湖及向海礁區,或是在島嶼周緣。夜行性,白天單獨或成小群活動,晚上則聚集成大群。肉食性,以小魚、甲殼類或其他軟體動物為食。
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Heteropriacanthus

provided by wikipedia EN

Heteropriacanthus, the glasseyes or glass bigeyes, are a genus of the bigeye family found in all tropical seas around the world. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 50.7 cm (20.0 in) in total length.[2][3][4]

The glasseyes has been classified in a single species, Heteropriacanthus cruentatus,[5] but recent morphological and genetic analysis indicates that glasseyes may be better divided into three species: Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Atlantic Ocean and southwest Indian Ocean), H. fulgens (northeastern Atlantic), and H. carolinus (Indo-Pacific).[6] H.cruentatus can differentiated from the rest of its genus by looking at its caudal and anal fin in which is distinct in colour.[7]

References

  1. ^ "Heteropriacanthus cruentatus". WoRMS. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 9 April 2022.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer; Pauly, Daniel (eds.) (2008). "Heteropriacanthus cruentatus" in FishBase. December 2008 version.
  3. ^ Eschmeyer, William N.; Fricke, Ron & van der Laan, Richard (eds.). "Genera in the family Priacanthidae". Catalog of Fishes. California Academy of Sciences. Retrieved 15 November 2020.
  4. ^ Lozano-Bilbao, Enrique; Domínguez, David; González, José A.; Lorenzo, José M.; Lozano, Gonzalo; Hardisson, Arturo; Rubio, Carmen; Weller, Dailos-González; Paz, Soraya; Gutiérrez, Ángel J. (June 2021). "Risk assessment and study of trace/heavy metals in three species of fish of commercial interest on the island of El Hierro (Canary Islands, eastern-central Atlantic)". Journal of Food Composition and Analysis. 99: 103855. doi:10.1016/j.jfca.2021.103855.
  5. ^ Starnes, W. C., 1988. Revision, phylogeny and biogeographic comments on the circumtropical marine percoid fish family Priacanthidae. Bulletin of Marine Science, 43 (2): 117-203.
  6. ^ I. Fernandez-Silva and H.-C. Ho, 2017. Revision of the circumtropical glasseye fish Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Perciformes: Priacanthidae), with resurrection of two species. Zootaxa 4273 (3): 341–361.
  7. ^ Gaither, M. R.; Bernal, M. A.; Fernandez-Silva, I.; Mwale, M.; Jones, S. A.; Rocha, C.; Rocha, L. A. (September 2015). "Two deep evolutionary lineages in the circumtropical glasseye Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Teleostei, Priacanthidae) with admixture in the south-western Indian Ocean: two deep lineages in circumtropical heteropriacanthus cruentatus". Journal of Fish Biology. 87 (3): 715–727. doi:10.1111/jfb.12754.

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Heteropriacanthus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Heteropriacanthus, the glasseyes or glass bigeyes, are a genus of the bigeye family found in all tropical seas around the world. It occasionally makes its way into the aquarium trade. It grows to a size of 50.7 cm (20.0 in) in total length.

The glasseyes has been classified in a single species, Heteropriacanthus cruentatus, but recent morphological and genetic analysis indicates that glasseyes may be better divided into three species: Heteropriacanthus cruentatus (Atlantic Ocean and southwest Indian Ocean), H. fulgens (northeastern Atlantic), and H. carolinus (Indo-Pacific). H.cruentatus can differentiated from the rest of its genus by looking at its caudal and anal fin in which is distinct in colour.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Usually insular and not continental (Ref. 7300). Inhabits shallow coral reefs and rocky bottoms, primarily around islands. Common in both lagoon and seaward reef habitats. Juveniles are pelagic (Ref. 9335). Feeds mainly on small fishes (especially postlarvae), larger crustaceans and molluscs of the plankton. Solitary and nocturnal in habit (Ref. 5213). Generally in caves by day. Known to produce sound.
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bibliographic citation
Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Edward Vanden Berghe [email]

Diet

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Nocturnal, feeding mainly on octopi, pelagic shrimp, stomatopods, crabs, small fish, and polychaetes
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Distribution

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Western Atlantic: continental waters from off Florida to Flower Garden Reef off Texas in the Gulf of Mexico; Caribbean islands and along the coast of South America to Argentina
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Habitat

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benthic
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Habitat

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Common in lagoon and seaward reefs, primarily around islands.
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Kennedy, Mary [email]

Habitat

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Known from seamounts and knolls
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Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021). Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication. North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS) North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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[email]