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Amphisbaenidae

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The Amphisbaenidae (common name: worm lizards) are a family of amphisbaenians, a group of limbless vertebrates.

Geographic range

Amphisbaenids occur in South America, some Caribbean islands, and sub-Saharan Africa.

Taxonomy

One deep-branching and somewhat aberrant genus, Blanus, is native to Europe, and may represent a distinct family.[1] More recent sources indeed place it in the family Blanidae.[2]

Description

Members of the family Amphisbaenidae are limbless, burrowing reptiles with carnivorous diets. As in other amphisbaenians, the body bears rings of scales, which gives amphisbaenids a worm-like appearance. The head is massively constructed and used for burrowing, with powerful jaws and large, recurved teeth used for seizing prey. Some species have a spade-like head, while others have a narrow keel on the head, and still others have a rounded skull.[1] The eyes are highly reduced, while the ear bone, or stapes in the middle ear, is large and massive. Together with another bone, the extracollumella, the stapes detects vibrations caused by prey items, allowing amphisbaenids to hunt for invertebrates under ground. In this respect, apparently evolution exists convergent to the burrowing mammalian family Chrysochloridae, in which the malleus in the middle ear is greatly enlarged.[3][4]

Extant genera

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Chirindia langi

Over 170 extant species are in the family, grouped into 12 genera:

Fossil genera

A number of extinct taxa are known from the fossil record:[6]

References

  1. ^ a b Gans C (1998). Cogger HG; Zweifel RG (eds.). Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-12-178560-4.
  2. ^ Amphisbaenidae at the Reptarium.cz Reptile Database. Accessed 1 February 2017.
  3. ^ Mason, Matthew J. (2003-08-01). "Morphology of the middle ear of golden moles (Chrysochloridae)". Journal of Zoology. 260 (4): 391–403. doi:10.1017/S095283690300387X. ISSN 1469-7998.
  4. ^ Mason, Matthew J.; Narins, Peter M. (2001-01-01). "Seismic Signal Use by Fossorial Mammals". American Zoologist. 41 (5): 1171–1184. doi:10.1093/icb/41.5.1171. JSTOR 3884562.
  5. ^ Ribeiro, Síria; Vaz-Silva, Wilian; Santos, Alfredo P., Jr. (2008). "New pored Leposternon (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) from Brazilian Cerrado". Zootaxa 1930: 18-38. ("Leposternon Wagler, 1824", p. 18).
  6. ^ "Amphisbaenidae Gray 1865". Paleobiology Database. Fossilworks. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
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Amphisbaenidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The Amphisbaenidae (common name: worm lizards) are a family of amphisbaenians, a group of limbless vertebrates.

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Amphisbaenidae

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Les Amphisbaenidae sont une famille de reptiles du sous-ordre des Amphisbaenia (les amphisbènes). Elle a été créée par John Edward Gray en 1865.

Répartition

Les espèces de cette famille se rencontrent dans le sud de l'Afrique et en Amérique.

Description

Les divers membres de cette famille se caractérisent par une absence de pattes.

Liste des genres

Selon Reptarium Reptile Database (19 juil. 2011)[1] :

Les genres Anops, Aulura, Bronia, Cercolophia et Leposternon ont été placés en synonymie avec Amphisbaena[2].

Publication originale

  • Gray, 1865 : A revision of the genera and species of amphisbaenians with the descriptions of some new species now in the collection of the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, vol. 1865, p. 442-455 (texte intégral).

Notes et références

  1. Reptarium Reptile Database, consulté le 19 juil. 2011
  2. Mott & Vieites, 2009 : Molecular phylogenetics reveals extreme morphological homoplasy in Brazilian worm lizards challenging current taxonomy. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution vol. 51, n. 2, p. 190-200

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Amphisbaenidae: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Les Amphisbaenidae sont une famille de reptiles du sous-ordre des Amphisbaenia (les amphisbènes). Elle a été créée par John Edward Gray en 1865.

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지렁이도마뱀과

provided by wikipedia 한국어 위키백과

지렁이도마뱀과(Amphisbaenidae)는 뱀목 지렁이도마뱀류에 속하는 도마뱀 과이다. 남아메리카카리브 해 일부 섬, 그리고 사하라 이남 아프리카에서 발견된다.

하위 속

17개 속에 120종 이상을 포함하고 있다.

  • Amphisbaena Linnaeus, 1758
  • Ancylocranium Scortecci, 1930
  • Anops Bell, 1833
  • Aulura Barbour, 1914
  • Baikia Gray, 1865
  • Bronia Wiegmann, 1828
  • Cercolophia Strauch, 1881
  • Chirindia Boulenger, 1907
  • Cynisca A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1839
  • Dalophia Gray, 1865
  • Geocalamus Günther, 1880
  • Leposternon Hemprich, 1820
  • Loveridgea Tornier, 1899
  • Mesobaena Mertens, 1925
  • Monopeltis A. Smith, 1848
  • Zygaspis W. Peters, 1854

계통 분류

다음은 2013년 피론(Pyron, R.A.) 등의 연구에 기초한 계통 분류이다.[1]

인룡상목    

옛도마뱀과

    뱀목

장님도마뱀과

unnamed
도마뱀붙이하목 뱀붙이도마뱀군  

돌도마뱀붙이과

     

뱀붙이도마뱀과

   

눈그늘도마뱀붙이과

      도마뱀붙이군  

표범도마뱀붙이과

도마뱀붙이상과

땅딸이도마뱀붙이과

     

잎가락도마뱀붙이과

   

도마뱀붙이과

         
unnamed
도마뱀상과    

밤도마뱀과

     

장갑도마뱀과

   

갑옷도마뱀과

       

도마뱀과

    Episquamata 장지뱀상과    

채찍꼬리도마뱀과

   

안경도마뱀과

      지렁이도마뱀류

플로리다지렁이도마뱀과

     

멕시코지렁이도마뱀과

     

지중해지렁이도마뱀과

     

쿠바지렁이도마뱀과

     

트로고노피스과

   

지렁이도마뱀과

             

장지뱀과

      Toxicofera    

무족도마뱀류

   

이구아나류

     

뱀아목

             

각주

  • Gans, C. 2005. Checklist and Bibliography of the Amphisbaenia of the World. Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist. (289): 1-130.
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