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Phaeogalera

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Phaeogalera is a small genus of slender, fleshy bog and swamp-inhabiting mushrooms with large, brownish spores with a germ pore and a hymenium lacking chrysocystidia.[1][2][3] Phaeogalera resemble Galerina in their habitat, macroscopic appearance, and spore print color, however, their microscopic characteristics (smooth spores with a distinct germ pore and non-tibiiform cystidia) more closely resemble Psilocybe. The type species, Phaeogalera stagnina, has an Arctic-alpine distribution in the Northern Hemisphere extending into the boreal forests and taiga. It grows along the edges of bogs in peaty soils and sometimes amongst Sphagnum or other mosses. This type species has been classified in Galerina,[4] Tubaria and Psilocybe. Modern molecular evidence supports the recognition of Phaeogalera as an independent genus separate from Galerina.[5][6][7] The generic name is built upon the antiquated generic name "Galera",[8] now synonymous with Galerina,[4] and with a reference to the darker colors of the basidiospores of Phaeogalera. When originally proposed by Kühner,[9] he forgot to fully cite the original publication for the type species which explains by the name was later validly published by Pegler & Young in 1975. The genus Meottomyces was segregated from Phaeogalera after briefly being classified together by Romagnesi (under the name "P. oedipus").[10]

References

  1. ^ Gulden G, Hallgrímsson H (2000). "The genera Galerina and Phaeogalera (Basidiomycetes, Agaricales) in Iceland" (PDF). Acta Botanica Islandica. 13: 3–54.
  2. ^ Horak E, Miller OK (1992). "Phaeogalera and Galerina in arctic-subarctic Alaska (USA) and the Yukon Territory (Canada)". Canadian Journal of Botany. 70 (2): 414–433. doi:10.1139/b92-055.
  3. ^ Gulden G, Vesterholt J (1999). "The genera Galerina Earle and Phaeogalera Kuhner in the Faroe Islands". Nordic Journal of Botany. 19 (6): 685–706. doi:10.1111/j.1756-1051.1999.tb00679.x.
  4. ^ a b Smith AH, Singer R (1964). "A Monograph on the Genus Galerina Earle". New York, NY and London: Hafner Publishing. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  5. ^ Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK Jr (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793.
  6. ^ Gulden GØ, Stensrud K, Shalchian-Tabrizi K, Kauserud H (2005). "Galerina Earle: A polyphyletic genus in the consortium of dark-spored agarics" (PDF). Mycologia. 97 (4): 823–837. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.4.823. PMID 16457352.
  7. ^ Petersen G, Knudsen H, Seberg O (2010). "Alignment, clade robustness and fungal phylogenetics — Crepidotaceae and sister families revisited". Cladistics. 26: 62–71. doi:10.1111/j.1096-0031.2009.00279.x. S2CID 84495351.
  8. ^ Kühner R. (1935). "Encyclopédie Mycologique. VII. Le genre Galera (Fries) Quélet" (in French). Paris: Jouve & Cie. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  9. ^ Kühner R. (1973). "Genre Galerina Earle (suite et fin)". Bulletin Trimestriel de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 88 (3): 151.
  10. ^ Romagnesi H. (1980). "Position taxonomique de l' Agaricus oedipus Cooke". Bulletin de la Société Mycologique de France (in French). 96 (3): 249–251.
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Phaeogalera: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Phaeogalera is a small genus of slender, fleshy bog and swamp-inhabiting mushrooms with large, brownish spores with a germ pore and a hymenium lacking chrysocystidia. Phaeogalera resemble Galerina in their habitat, macroscopic appearance, and spore print color, however, their microscopic characteristics (smooth spores with a distinct germ pore and non-tibiiform cystidia) more closely resemble Psilocybe. The type species, Phaeogalera stagnina, has an Arctic-alpine distribution in the Northern Hemisphere extending into the boreal forests and taiga. It grows along the edges of bogs in peaty soils and sometimes amongst Sphagnum or other mosses. This type species has been classified in Galerina, Tubaria and Psilocybe. Modern molecular evidence supports the recognition of Phaeogalera as an independent genus separate from Galerina. The generic name is built upon the antiquated generic name "Galera", now synonymous with Galerina, and with a reference to the darker colors of the basidiospores of Phaeogalera. When originally proposed by Kühner, he forgot to fully cite the original publication for the type species which explains by the name was later validly published by Pegler & Young in 1975. The genus Meottomyces was segregated from Phaeogalera after briefly being classified together by Romagnesi (under the name "P. oedipus").

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