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Zygophyllum

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Zygophyllum fabago leaflets

Zygophyllum is the type genus of the flowering plant family Zygophyllaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ζυγόν (zygon), meaning "double", and φυλλον (phyllon), meaning "leaf".[3] It refers to the leaves, each of which have two leaflets.

The genus is distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, central Asia and Australia.[1]

Molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested that as previously circumscribed, Zygophyllum was not monophyletic, and the genus was split among a number of other genera, including Augea, Fagonia, Roepera and Tetraena.[4]

Species

In accordance with International Plant Names Index, genus Zygophyllum currently has 117 accepted species:[1]

  • Zygophyllum acerosum (Boiss.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum aegyptium Hosny
  • Zygophyllum album L.f.
  • Zygophyllum applanatum Van Zyl
  • Zygophyllum arabicum (L.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum atriplicoides Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum augea Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum balchaschense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum betpakdalense Golosk. & Semiotr.
  • Zygophyllum borissovae Beier & Thulin
  • Zygophyllum brachypterum Kar. & Kir.
  • Zygophyllum bruguieri (DC.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum bucharicum B.Fedtsch.
  • Zygophyllum californicum (Benth.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum charoides (Chiov.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum chilense (Hook. & Arn.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum chrysopteron Retief
  • Zygophyllum clavatum Schltr. & Diels
  • Zygophyllum coccineum L.
  • Zygophyllum cornutum Coss.
  • Zygophyllum creticum (L.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum cuspidatum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum cylindrifolium Schinz
  • Zygophyllum darvasicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum decumbens Delile
  • Zygophyllum densispinum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum densum (I.M.Johnst.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum dregeanum Sond.
  • Zygophyllum dumosum Boiss.
  • Zygophyllum eichwaldii C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum fabago L.
  • Zygophyllum fabagoides Popov
  • Zygophyllum fontanesii Webb & Berthel.
  • Zygophyllum furcatum C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum gaetulum Emb. & Maire
  • Zygophyllum geslinii Coss.
  • Zygophyllum giessii Merxm. & A.Schreib.
  • Zygophyllum glutinosum (Delile) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum gobicum Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum gontscharovii Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum gypsophilum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum hadramauticum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum hamiense Schweinf.
  • Zygophyllum harpago (Emb. & Maire) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum heterocladum Rech.f. & Patzak
  • Zygophyllum iliense Popov
  • Zygophyllum indicum (Burm.f.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum jaxarticum Popov
  • Zygophyllum kansuense Y.X.Liou
  • Zygophyllum karatavicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kaschgaricum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kegense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum kopalense Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum laeve (Standl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum lahovarii (Volkens & Schweinf.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum latistipulatum (Beier & Thulin) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum lehmannianum Bunge
  • Zygophyllum loczyi Kanitz
  • Zygophyllum longicapsulare Schinz
  • Zygophyllum longistipulatum Schinz
  • Zygophyllum luntii (Baker) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum macropodum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum madagascariense (Baill.) Stauffer
  • Zygophyllum madecassum H.Perrier
  • Zygophyllum mahranum (Beier) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mandavillei Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum mayanum (Schltdl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum melongena Bunge
  • Zygophyllum microcarpum Licht. ex Cham.
  • Zygophyllum migiurtinorum Chiov.
  • Zygophyllum miniatum Cham.
  • Zygophyllum minutistipulum (Engl.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum molle (Delile) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mongolicum (Maxim.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum mucronatum Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum neglectum Grubov
  • Zygophyllum obliquum Popov
  • Zygophyllum olivieri (DC.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum orientale (C.Presl) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum ovigerum Fisch. & C.A.Mey. ex Bunge
  • Zygophyllum oxianum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum oxycarpum Popov
  • Zygophyllum pachyacanthum (Rydb.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum palmeri (Vasey & Rose) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum pamiricum Grubov
  • Zygophyllum paulayanum (J.Wagner & Vierh.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum pinnatum Cham.
  • Zygophyllum potaninii Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum prismaticum Chiov.
  • Zygophyllum prismatocarpum Sond.
  • Zygophyllum procumbens Adamson
  • Zygophyllum propinquum Decne.
  • Zygophyllum pterocarpum Bunge
  • Zygophyllum pterocaule Van Zyl
  • Zygophyllum qatarense Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum retrofractum Thunb.
  • Zygophyllum rigidum Schinz
  • Zygophyllum rosowii Bunge
  • Zygophyllum scabrum (Forssk.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum scoparium (Brandegee) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum simplex'' L.
  • Zygophyllum sinkiangense Y.X.Liou
  • Zygophyllum smithii Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum somalense Hadidi
  • Zygophyllum spinosissimum (Blatt. & Hallb.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum stapffii Schinz
  • Zygophyllum steropterum Schrenk
  • Zygophyllum subinerme (Boiss.) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum subtrijugum C.A.Mey.
  • Zygophyllum sulcatum Huysst.
  • Zygophyllum taldykurganicum Boriss.
  • Zygophyllum tenue R.Glover
  • Zygophyllum trialatum Blatt. & Hallb.
  • Zygophyllum turcomanicum Fisch. ex Boiss.
  • Zygophyllum villosum (D.M.Porter) Christenh. & Byng
  • Zygophyllum xanthoxylum (Bunge) Maxim.
  • Zygophyllum zilloides (Humbert) Christenh. & Byng

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Zygophyllum L." Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 2018-01-26.
  2. ^ "Genus: Zygophyllum L." Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-06-18. Retrieved 2010-10-12.
  3. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for Gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. ISBN 184533731X.
  4. ^ Beier, B.-A.; Chase, M. W.; Thulin, M. (2003). "Phylogenetic relationships and taxonomy of subfamily Zygophylloideae (Zygophyllaceae) based on molecular and morphological data". Plant Systematics and Evolution. 240: 11. doi:10.1007/s00606-003-0007-0.

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Zygophyllum: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN
 src= Zygophyllum fabago leaflets

Zygophyllum is the type genus of the flowering plant family Zygophyllaceae. The generic name is derived from the Greek words ζυγόν (zygon), meaning "double", and φυλλον (phyllon), meaning "leaf". It refers to the leaves, each of which have two leaflets.

The genus is distributed in arid and semi-arid regions of Africa, the Mediterranean Basin, central Asia and Australia.

Molecular phylogenetic analysis suggested that as previously circumscribed, Zygophyllum was not monophyletic, and the genus was split among a number of other genera, including Augea, Fagonia, Roepera and Tetraena.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN