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Cantharellus subalbidus

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Cantharellus subalbidus, the white chanterelle, is a fungus native to California and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It is a member of the genus Cantharellus along with other popular edible chanterelles. It is similar in appearance to other chanterelles except for its cream to white color and orange bruising.[2]

Cantharellus subalbidus may form a mycorrhizal association with species of pine, hemlock, Douglas-fir, and Pacific madrone.[3][4][5] C. subalbidus has been found to be more common in old-growth forests than in younger forests.[6]

Description

The mushroom is white to cream in color,[7] later darkening to yellow-orange.[3] The cap is 5–15 cm (2–6 in) wide, flat to depressed, becoming infundibuliform (vaselike) with age.[7] The stalk is 2–7 cm tall and 1–5 cm wide, tapered, with yellow-brown spots due to bruising and age.[7] The spores are white, elliptical, and smooth.[7]

Similar species

Several other species of chanterelle may be found in western North America:

Additionally, Leucopaxillus albissimus,[7] Hygrophoropsis aurantiaca, Chroogomphus tomentosus, and species in the genera Craterellus, Gomphus, Omphalotus, and Polyozellus may have a somewhat similar appearance to C. subalbidus.

Uses

A choice edible, they can be prepared by being sautéed or cutting into chunks and baking at 350° Fahrenheit for 10 minutes.[8]

References

  1. ^ Smith, A.H.; Morse, E.E. (1947), "The genus Cantharellus in the Western United States", Mycologia, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 497–534, doi:10.2307/3755192, JSTOR 3755192, PMID 20264537
  2. ^ Plischke, J. (March 2004). "Cantharellus subalbidus: The white chanterelle". MushroomExpert.com. Retrieved 13 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b Trudell, S.; Ammirati, J. (2009). Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest. Timber Press Field Guides. Portland, OR: Timber Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-88192-935-5.
  4. ^ Wood, Michael; Stevens, Fred. "California Fungi—Cantharellus subalbidus". mykoweb.com. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
  5. ^ Arora, David (1986). Mushrooms Demystified: A Comprehensive Guide To The Fleshy Fungi (2nd ed.). Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. p. 662. ISBN 0-89815-169-4.
  6. ^ Dunham, Susie M.; O'Dell, Thomas E.; Molina, Randy (2006). "Forest stand age and the occurrence of chanterelle (Cantharellus) species in Oregon's central Cascade Mountains" (PDF). Mycological Research. 110 (12): 1433–40. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2006.09.007. PMID 17123812. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-08-14.
  7. ^ a b c d e Davis, R. Michael; Sommer, Robert; Menge, John A. (2012). Field Guide to Mushrooms of Western North America. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 272–273. ISBN 978-0-520-95360-4. OCLC 797915861.
  8. ^ a b c Meuninck, Jim (2017). Foraging Mushrooms Oregon: Finding, Identifying, and Preparing Edible Wild Mushrooms. Falcon Guides. p. 5. ISBN 978-1-4930-2669-2.

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Cantharellus subalbidus: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Cantharellus subalbidus, the white chanterelle, is a fungus native to California and the Pacific Northwest region of North America. It is a member of the genus Cantharellus along with other popular edible chanterelles. It is similar in appearance to other chanterelles except for its cream to white color and orange bruising.

Cantharellus subalbidus may form a mycorrhizal association with species of pine, hemlock, Douglas-fir, and Pacific madrone. C. subalbidus has been found to be more common in old-growth forests than in younger forests.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
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wikipedia EN