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Diagnostic Description

provided by Fishbase
Small spine on back and short spines before eyes (Ref. 3141). Caudal fin rays 10 (Ref. 1602).Description: Characterized further by pale greenish grey body color with brown blotching and fine "honeycomb" reticulum; short spine extending anteriorly from upper edge of each eye; posteriorly directed second pair of spines, one on each side of lower rear edge of carapace; middle of back with small thorn-like spine; steep and concave dorsal profile of snout; broadly rounded ventral profile of carapace; slightly rounded caudal fin (Ref. 90102).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 9
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Inhabit coral and rocky reefs of coastal areas (Ref. 9806, 48637). Also common on offshore sand and mudflats (Ref. 48637). Young fish occur in oceanic waters, at or near the surface (Ref. 2850); semi-transparent young may enter estuaries (Ref. 3141). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9806). A large number of juveniles were found in the stomachs of flatheads (Ref. 48637).
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Recorder
Pascualita Sa-a
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Biology

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Inhabit coral and rocky reefs of coastal areas (Ref. 9806, 48637). Also common on offshore sand and mudflats (Ref. 48637). Young fish occur in oceanic waters, at or near the surface (Ref. 2850); semi-transparent young may enter estuaries (Ref. 3141). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Feed on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9806). A large number of juveniles were found in the stomachs of flatheads (Ref. 48637).
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Recorder
Estelita Emily Capuli
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Importance

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fisheries: of no interest; aquarium: commercial
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Estelita Emily Capuli
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分布

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
分布於印度-太平洋及東太平洋區,西起南非,東至夏威夷、南加州,北至日本南部,南至新加勒多尼亞;東南大西洋海域的非洲納米比亞沿岸。台灣主要分布於小琉球海域。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

利用

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
具毒性,無任何食用價值,有些被飼養於水族館或製成乾製標本供人觀賞。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

描述

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
體長方形,體被覆由鱗片癒合而成的骨板,形成盾甲包住全身,僅口、肛門、眼、鰓裂、各鰭及尾柄處具小開口;體甲在背鰭及臀鰭後方閉合,具有五條稜脊,分別於背側及腹側各具一對,背部中央另具一條略發達的稜脊,体側則無。眼眶前方具一對前向且與瞳孔約略等長之棘;腹側稜後方則具一對後向之短鈍棘,但較眶前棘長;背中稜中央具一扁三角形的大棘,棘尖指向背方;背側稜平直,但於中央處具一與背中稜中央之大棘相對的小鈍棘。體甲腹面隆起。尾柄短,後端側扁。頭短而高,前緣陡斜。唇肥厚。鰓孔小,幾直裂。背鰭短小位於體後部,無硬棘,臀鰭與其同形;無腹鰭;尾鰭後緣圓形。體褐色,腹面色較淺。体甲散布一些不規則之褐色條紋,頭部及尾柄上有一些小黑點。尾鰭淡色,且6條褐色橫紋。
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臺灣魚類資料庫

棲地

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主要棲息於沿岸礁石區或珊瑚礁附近,幼魚行大洋性生活,一般漂游於水面或近水面的區或,半透明期的稚魚則可以出現於河口域或汽水域。主要以底棲無脊椎動物為食。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Inhabits coral and rocky reefs of coastal areas (Ref. 9806). Young fish occur in oceanic waters, at or near the surface, where it is being preyed upon by tunas and other large predators (Ref. 2850). Also found inshore, the young sometimes in estuaries (Ref. 3132). Feeds on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 9806).
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WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021).
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]