dcsimg

Diagnostic Description

provided by Fishbase
Lower jaw of adults prominently projecting when mouth is closed. Lower half to three-fourths of inner pectoral axil with small scales. Centers of scales silvery pink to pale yellowish, the edges red; black of opercular membrane extending below opercular spine; naked part of pectoral axil black; outer half of spinous dorsal fin yellow to orange-yellow, lower half of remaining fins red, the leading edges white, sometimes with a black submarginal streak.Description: Characterized by body depth 2.3-2.6 in SL (Ref. 90102).
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Recorder
Cristina V. Garilao
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Morphology

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Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 15; Analspines: 4; Analsoft rays: 11 - 13
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Cristina V. Garilao
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Trophic Strategy

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Inhabits caves and hides under ledges of subtidal reef flats, channels and margins to outer reef slopes (Ref. 9710). Occurs in loose aggregations (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on plankton such as crab larvae. Planktivore (Ref. 57615). Almost always caught at night (Ref. 9307). Also Ref. 58534.
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Recorder
Drina Sta. Iglesia
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Biology

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Inhabits caves and hides under ledges of subtidal reef flats, channels and margins to outer reef slopes (Ref. 9710, 58302). Benthopelagic (Ref. 58302). Occurs in loose aggregations (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on plankton such as crab larvae. Almost always caught at night (Ref. 9307). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9307). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 30874.
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Recorder
Susan M. Luna
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Importance

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fisheries: commercial; aquarium: commercial
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Susan M. Luna
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分布

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
廣泛分布於印度-太平洋區及東太平洋區之溫熱帶海域, 西起非洲東部,延伸至南非的納塔爾;東至克利珀頓島, 可可島與加拉巴哥群島,北至琉球群島,南至澳洲大堡礁、諾福克島與羅得豪島。臺灣的四周海域及離島均可見。
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臺灣魚類資料庫
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臺灣魚類資料庫

利用

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
一般以一支釣及延繩釣的方法捕獲。魚肉白,但質地較爛,煮湯時肉易散開且多溶解油質,因此適合抹鹽油煎食用。唯須注意其內臟可能累積熱帶海魚毒。而它的鱗片及棘刺尖利,需小心刺傷。在水族館中也有人看上它鮮紅的體色,將它飼養做為觀賞魚。
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描述

provided by The Fish Database of Taiwan
體呈橢圓形或卵圓形,中等側扁。頭部具黏液囊,外露骨骼多有脊紋。眼大。口端位,斜裂;下頜骨前端外側有1對頜聯合齒;頜骨、鋤骨及腭骨均有絨毛狀群齒。前鰓蓋骨後下角無強棘;鰓蓋骨及下眼眶骨均有強弱不一的硬棘。體被大型櫛鱗;側線完全,側線鱗數29-30,側線至背鰭硬棘中間點之鱗片數2.5;胸鰭腋部,披一大片的小鱗片。背鰭連續,單一,硬棘部及軟條部間具深凹,具硬棘X-I,軟條14。臀鰭有硬棘 IV ,軟條12;胸鰭軟條15;尾鰭深叉形。各鱗片中央為銀粉紅色至淡黃色,周緣則為紅色;鰓膜後緣具黑色帶,可延伸至眼睛下緣的水平線上;胸鰭基部另具黑斑;背鰭硬棘部之上半部鮮黃色至橘黃色;背鰭軟條部及臀、腹及尾鰭的前緣為白色,續接1條紅色寬帶,有時在紅色區域內會出現黑色斑紋。
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棲地

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通常棲息在亞潮帶珊瑚礁平台的礁岩下方、珊瑚礁斜坡外緣和水道等,深度最少可達50公尺深。夜行性的魚種,白天通常呈鬆散的聚集在洞穴中或附近,晚上則出來捕食浮游生物,例如螃蟹幼生等。
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Blotcheye soldierfish

provided by wikipedia EN

The blotcheye soldierfish (Myripristis berndti) is a species of soldierfish belonging to the family Holocentridae.

Description

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Mixed-species aggregation of Myripristis berndti

This species grows to a length of 30 centimetres (12 in) TL. The body is oval and laterally compressed and the scales are quite large. The basic colour is silvery pink to pale yellowish, with red scale margins. The opercular membrane is black. The dorsal fin is large and spiny, ranging from yellow to orange-yellow. The other fins are red with white edges. The eyes are large, as this fish is mainly nocturnal. The lower jaw protrudes beyond the upper jaw when mouth is closed. They usually aggregate in mixed-species and mainly feed on plankton. This fish is a target of commercial fisheries and can also be found in the aquarium trade.

Distribution and habitat

Myripristis berndti is widespread in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. This species can be found on tropical reefs hiding in caves or under ledges, at depths of from 1 to 50 metres (3.3 to 164.0 ft).

References

  1. ^ Williams, I.; Greenfield, D. (2016). "Myripristis berndti". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2016: e.T67869566A67871805. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T67869566A67871805.en.

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Blotcheye soldierfish: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

The blotcheye soldierfish (Myripristis berndti) is a species of soldierfish belonging to the family Holocentridae.

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Description

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Inhabits caves and hides under ledges of subtidal reef flats, channels and margins to outer reef slopes at depths of at least 50 m. Occurs in loose aggregations in or near shelter during the day (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on plankton such as crab larvae. Almost always caught at night (Ref. 9307). Marketed fresh (Ref. 9307).
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bibliographic citation
Froese, R. & D. Pauly (Editors). (2021). FishBase. World Wide Web electronic publication. version (08/2021).
contributor
Edward Vanden Berghe [email]
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Edward Vanden Berghe [email]