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Lesser Valley Coral

Platygyra contorta Veron 1990

Platygyra contorta

provided by wikipedia EN

Platygyra contorta is a species of colonial stony coral in the family Merulinidae. It was described by John Veron in 1990. It is found at depths of 2 to 20 metres (7 to 66 ft) and its colonies are over 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter. It has been identified as a least-concern species.

Description

Platygyra contorta is a colonial species found in columnar or encrusting structures. It is light yellow, green, grey, or red in colour, and it has thin walls. Its septa are non-uniform and its valleys are curved and short at the centre of colonies, becoming linear and long at the margins of colonies.[2] Colonies have diameters often exceeding 1 metre (3.3 ft).[1] Its valleys measure between 3.5 and 5 millimetres (0.14 and 0.20 in) in width.[3] The species has a similar appearance to Goniastrea deformis and Platygyra verweyi.[2]

Distribution

It is found in the eastern and western Indian Ocean, and the northwestern, eastern central, and western central Pacific Ocean.[1] In Japan, it is common near the mainland (Honshu), and is uncommon in the Ryukyu Islands.[3] It also occurs in Australia, Vietnam, Yemen, Madagascar, Fiji, Thailand, the Marshall Islands, and East Africa.[1] The species is found at depths of between 2 and 20 metres (7 and 66 ft) in lagoons, shallow reefs, and on rocks. Its population is thought to be decreasing and the species is threatened by climate change, the acidification of oceans, coral disease, fishing, human activities, and bleaching. The species is listed under Appendix II of CITES and has been identified as a least-concern species by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).[1]

Taxonomy

Specimens of Platygyra contorta were studied in 1977 but identified as Platygyra rustica.[3] It was first described by John Edward Norwood Veron in 1990.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f DeVantier, L.; Hodgson, G.; Huang, D.; Johan, O.; Licuanan, A.; Obura, D.; Sheppard, C.; Syahrir, M.; Turak, E. (2008). "Platygyra contorta". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2008: e.T133161A3608479. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T133161A3608479.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Platygyra contorta". Australian Institute of Marine Science. Retrieved 15 November 2015.
  3. ^ a b c Veron, John Edward Norwood (1992). Hermatypic corals of Japan. Australian Institute of Marine Science. p. 175. ISBN 978-0-642-17083-5.
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Platygyra contorta: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Platygyra contorta is a species of colonial stony coral in the family Merulinidae. It was described by John Veron in 1990. It is found at depths of 2 to 20 metres (7 to 66 ft) and its colonies are over 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter. It has been identified as a least-concern species.

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Platygyra contorta

provided by wikipedia FR

Platygyra contorta est une espèce de coraux appartenant à la famille des Merulinidae[2] ou la famille Faviidae[3].

Description et caractéristiques

Habitat et répartition

Notes et références

  1. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), www.itis.gov, CC0 https://doi.org/10.5066/F7KH0KBK, consulté le 28 décembre 2015
  2. WRMS espèce (consulté le 28 décembre 2015)
  3. ITIS (consulté le 28 décembre 2015)
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wikipedia FR

Platygyra contorta: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia FR

Platygyra contorta est une espèce de coraux appartenant à la famille des Merulinidae ou la famille Faviidae.

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original
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Biology

provided by World Register of Marine Species
zooxanthellate
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WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]
contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]

Distribution

provided by World Register of Marine Species
Central Indo-Pacific to Japan
license
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WoRMS Editorial Board
bibliographic citation
van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). van der Land, J. (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO).
contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]
contributor
Jacob van der Land [email]