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Galecyon

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Galecyon ("polecat-dog") is an extinct genus of placental mammals from extinct order Hyaenodonta, that lived in Europe and North America (found in the Clarks Fork and Powder River basins of Wyoming) during the early Eocene.[9][1]

Description

Galecyon had robust canines and short, deep jaws. Prior to 2015, little was known about its post-cranial skeleton.[1] However, following the discovery of more complete fossils, it is now known to have been a primarily terrestrial animal weighing between 5.2 and 7.9 kg (11 and 17 lb), lacking the adaptations for climbing found in some of its close relatives.[10]

Phylogeny

The phylogenetic relationships of genus Galecyon are shown in the following cladogram.[11][12][13][14][15]

Hyaenodonta

Eoproviverra

Boualitomidae

Arfiidae

Limnocyonidae

Sinopidae

Hyaenodontoidea

Galecyon

Galecyon chronius

Galecyon morax

Galecyon peregrinus

Galecyon gallus

Galecyon morloi

Gazinocyon

Pyrocyon

Afro‑Arabian clade

Parvavorodon

Indohyaenodontidae

Glibzegdouia

Koholiidae

Tritemnodon

Teratodontidae

Apterodontinae

Maocyon

Maocyon/Orienspterodon clade

Orienspterodon

Hyainailourinae

Hemipsalodon

?

Ischnognathus

Akhnatenavus clade

Akhnatenavus

"Pterodon" sp. (BC 15’08)

Hyainailourinae sp. (UON 84-359)

Hyainailourinae sp. C (DPC 9243 & DPC 10315)

Hyainailourinae sp. D (DPC 6545)

Kerberos

"Pterodon" syrtos

Pterodon clade

Pterodontina

Hyainailourinae sp. A (DPC 6555)

"Pterodon" africanus

Parapterodon

"Pterodon" sp. (DPC 5036)

"Pterodon" phiomensis

Hyainailourini

Paroxyaenini

Falcatodon

Sectisodon

Exiguodon

Isohyaenodon zadoki

Isohyaenodon (†Isohyaenodontina)

Isohyaenodon andrewsi

Sivapterodon

Hyainailouros bugtiensis

Hyainailouros napakensis

Hyainailouros

Hyainailouros sulzeri

Hyainailourinae sp. (GSN AD 100’96)

Simbakubwa

Leakitheriini

Megistotherium

Mlanyama

Metapterodontini

Pakakali

Prionogalidae

Hyainailouridae
Lahimia clade
Arfia clade
Galecyon clade
Indohyaenodon clade
Tritemnodon clade

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Gingerich, Philip D.; Deutsch, Harvey A. (1989). "Systematics and evolution of early Eocene Hyaenodontidae (Mammalia, Creodonta) in the Clarks Fork Basin, Wyoming". 27 (13). Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan: 327–391. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ Shawn P. Zack (2011.) "New Species of the Rare Early Eocene Creodont Galecyon and the Radiation of Early Hyaenodontidae" Journal of Paleontology, 85(2):315-336.
  3. ^ F. Solé, E. Gheerbrant and M. Godinot (2013.) "Sinopaninae and Arfianinae (Hyaenodontida, Mammalia) from the Early Eocene of Europe and Asia; evidence for dispersal in Laurasia around the Paleocene/Eocene boundary and for an unnoticed faunal turnover in Europe." Geobios 46:313-327
  4. ^ W. D. Matthew and W. Granger (1915.) "A revision of the Lower Eocene Wasatch and Wind River faunas." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 34(1):1-103
  5. ^ T. Smith and R. Smith (2001.) "The creodonts (Mammalia, Ferae) from the Paleocene-Eocene transition in Belgium (Tienen Formation, MP7)." Belgian Journal of Zoology 131(2):117-135
  6. ^ A. V. Lavrov (1999.) "Adaptive Radiation of Hyaenodontinae (Creodonta, Hyaenodontidae) of Asia." in 6th Congress of the Theriological Society, Moscow, April 13–16, p. 138 [in Russian].
  7. ^ E. Delson (1971.) "Fossil mammals of the early Wasatchian Powder River local fauna, Eocene of northeast." Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 146(4)
  8. ^ L. Van Valen (1965.) "Some European Proviverrini (Mammalia, Deltatheridia)." Palaeontology 8(4):638-665
  9. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Galecyon, basic info
  10. ^ Zack, S. P.; Rose, K. D. (November 2015). "A postcranial skeleton of Galecyon: evidence for morphological and locomotor diversity in early Hyaenodontidae (Mammalia, Hyaenodontida)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 35 (6): e1001492. doi:10.1080/02724634.2014.1001492. S2CID 86247155.
  11. ^ Borths, Matthew R; Stevens, Nancy J (2017). "Deciduous dentition and dental eruption of Hyainailouroidea (Hyaenodonta, "Creodonta," Placentalia, Mammalia)". Palaeontologia Electronica. 20 (3): 55A. doi:10.26879/776.
  12. ^ Matthew R. Borths; Nancy J. Stevens (2019). "Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, gen. et sp. nov. (Hyainailourinae, Hyaenodonta, 'Creodonta,' Mammalia), a gigantic carnivore from the earliest Miocene of Kenya". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 39 (1): e1570222. doi:10.1080/02724634.2019.1570222. S2CID 145972918.
  13. ^ Floréal Solé; Bernard Marandat; Fabrice Lihoreau (2020). "The hyaenodonts (Mammalia) from the French locality of Aumelas (Hérault), with possible new representatives from the late Ypresian". Geodiversitas. 42 (13): 185–214. doi:10.5252/geodiversitas2020v42a13.
  14. ^ Solé, F.; Morlo, M.; Schaal, T.; Lehmann, T. (2021). "New hyaenodonts (Mammalia) from the late Ypresian locality of Prémontré (France) support a radiation of the hyaenodonts in Europe already at the end of the early Eocene". Geobios. 66–67: 119–141. doi:10.1016/j.geobios.2021.02.004. S2CID 234848856.
  15. ^ Averianov, Alexander; Obraztsova, Ekaterina; Danilov, Igor; Jin, Jian-Hua (2023). "A new hypercarnivorous hyaenodont from the Eocene of South China". Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution. 11. doi:10.3389/fevo.2023.1076819/full. ISSN 2296-701X.
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Galecyon: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Galecyon ("polecat-dog") is an extinct genus of placental mammals from extinct order Hyaenodonta, that lived in Europe and North America (found in the Clarks Fork and Powder River basins of Wyoming) during the early Eocene.

license
cc-by-sa-3.0
copyright
Wikipedia authors and editors
original
visit source
partner site
wikipedia EN