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Sewellia

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Sewellia is a genus of fish in the family Balitoridae (River Loaches) found in Laos and Vietnam.[1] According to Roberts (1998) a possible defining characteristic of the genus Sewellia is their posterior pelvic valve is highly complex and different from other rheophilic loaches (loaches adapted to fast flowing water), their posterior pelvic valve involves the overlapping of the second to last ventrally exposed rays.[2] Adapted to high velocity streams Sewellia have depressed body shapes that are laterally expanded thus increasing their hydrodynamical properties and allowing them to better stay attached to rocks in swift current.[2] Sewellia also have paired fins with a single simple ray and numerous branched rays allowing them to grip rocks in swift current.[2]

Distribution

Fish in the genus Sewellia occur in the Sekong River, a tributary of the Mekong river.[3] The Sekong river drains large parts of central and southeast Laos as well as southern Vietnam.

Habitat and ecology

Sewellia are found in the rapids and riffles of steep gradient 'hill streams', hence the common name Hillstream Loache.[4] Due to their steep gradients these streams have high current velocities, Sewellia are known to inhabit streams with current velocities exceeding 1 m · s−1 in some habitats.[5] Sewellia feed mainly on micro to macro sized aquatic invertebrates that inhabit the periphyton attached to submerged rocks.[4]

Sexual dimorphism

Sewellia are sexually dimorphic, males have soft elevated patches of fine tubercles on the anterior part of pectoral-fin rays 1-6, females do not.[5] Sewellia lineolata are common in the aquaria trade, they are sexed based on differences in shape, at sexual maturity males tend to be more streamlined while females are somewhat broad; the beginning of the pectoral fins occurs at a much sharper angle in the male than females, females have pectoral fins that begin in a more rounded fashion (softer angle).[6]

Species

There are currently 14 recognized species in this genus:

Conservation status

Sewellia albisuera-IUCN Critically Endangered

Sewellia analis-IUCN Not Evaluated

Sewellia breviventralis - IUCN Critically Endangered

Sewellia diardi-IUCN Data Deficient

Sewellia elongata-IUCN Near Threatened

Sewellia hypsicrateae-IUCN Not Evaluated

Sewellia lineolataSewellia -IUCN Vulnerable

Sewellia marmorata- IUCN Endangered

Sewellia medius-IUCN Not Evaluated

Sewellia monolobata-IUCN Not Evaluated Sewellia

Sewellia patella- IUCN Endangered

Sewellia pterolineata-IUCN EndangeredSewellia

Sewellia speciosa-IUCN Least Concern

Sewellia trakhucensis-IUCN Not Evaluated Sewellia

References

  1. ^ Kottelat, M. (2012): Conspectus cobitidum: an inventory of the loaches of the world (Teleostei: Cypriniformes: Cobitoidei). Archived 2016-05-09 at the Wayback Machine Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Suppl. No. 26: 1-199.
  2. ^ a b c Roberts, T.R (1998). "Systematic revision of the balitorid loach genus Sewellia of Vietnam and Laos, with diagnoses of four new species". Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. 46: 271–288.
  3. ^ Endruweit, Marco (2016). "Sewellia hypsicrateae, a new species of loach from central Vietnam (Teleostei: Balitoridae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 27: 297–301.
  4. ^ a b Freyhof and Serov (2000). "Review of the genus Sewellia with description of two new species from Vietnam (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 11: 217.
  5. ^ a b Freyhof, Jörg. (2003). "Sewellia albisuera, a new balitorid loach from Central Vietnam (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae)". Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 14: 225–230.
  6. ^ "Sewellia lineolata — Loaches Online". www.loaches.com. Retrieved 2019-05-01.
  7. ^ Endruweit, M. & Nguyen, T.D.P. (2016): Sewellia hypsicrateae, a new species of loach from central Vietnam (Teleostei: Balitoridae). Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters, 27 (4): 297-301.
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Sewellia: Brief Summary

provided by wikipedia EN

Sewellia is a genus of fish in the family Balitoridae (River Loaches) found in Laos and Vietnam. According to Roberts (1998) a possible defining characteristic of the genus Sewellia is their posterior pelvic valve is highly complex and different from other rheophilic loaches (loaches adapted to fast flowing water), their posterior pelvic valve involves the overlapping of the second to last ventrally exposed rays. Adapted to high velocity streams Sewellia have depressed body shapes that are laterally expanded thus increasing their hydrodynamical properties and allowing them to better stay attached to rocks in swift current. Sewellia also have paired fins with a single simple ray and numerous branched rays allowing them to grip rocks in swift current.

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